Q&A about VA Loans

Military Father and Son

VA loans are $0 down payment mortgage options available to veterans, service members and select military spouses. VA loans are issued by private lenders and guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).

Since its inception in 1944, more than 22 million VA loans have helped veterans, active duty military personnel and their families purchase homes or refinance mortgages.

How does a VA loan compare to a traditional/conventional home mortgage? Read on.

What is the down payment?

  • VA loans: 0% down.
  • Conventional loans: Up to 20% down.

Do I have to pay mortgage insurance?

  • VA loans: VA loans do have a form of mortgage insurance, the VA Funding Fee. It is usually 3.3% and financed into the loan up front. If the borrower separated from the military with a qualifying disability, the funding fee is waived to 0%.
  • Conventional loans: If buyers do put down less than a 20% down payment, they must pay for private mortgage insurance.

Are the interest rates for VA loans competitive?

  • VA loans: The VA backing gives lenders a greater degree of safety, which means the interest rates can be more competitive than non-VA loans.
  • Conventional loans: Without government backing, banks take on more risk with conventional loans, which can result in less-competitive interest rates.

How easy is it to qualify for a VA loan?

  • VA loans: Because the loan is backed by the government, banks assume less risk and have less stringent qualification standards for VA loans, making them easier to obtain.
  • Conventional loans: Conventional loans require stricter qualification procedures that can put homeownership out of reach for some homebuyers.

Can I do a cash out refinance? 

  • VA loans: Borrowers can do a cash out refinance up to 100% of their home’s value.
  • Conventional loans: Borrowers with conventional loans must leave some equity in their home when doing a cash out refinance.

What else should I know about VA loans? 

  • VA eligibility is re-usable. A lot of people think they are only eligible for a VA loan one  time, but they are able to get VA loans more than one time.
  • You can have more than one VA loan at a time. It’s a myth that you can only have one at a time.
  • VA loans are assumable.

 You or someone you know may be the perfect fit for a VA loan. Contact a loan officer today to learn more about VA loans and other types of home loans that may be a good fit for you.

Do you want more information about VA loans or grants? Find it here or call us today.  

 

Mend Your Credit by Rehabilitating a Defaulted Student Loan

Student loan

If you’ve defaulted on your student loans, you’re not alone. According to CNBC, more than 1 million people default on their student loans each year, and approximately 22% of student loan borrowers default at some time. But joining the crowd won’t help your credit or open opportunities for you in the future.

Here are some ways you can work to repair a federal student loan that you have defaulted on. For more details visit the Federal Student Aid Office’s website. If you have defaulted on a private student loan, you will need to contact your loan holder for information.

Repay the Loan in Full
The most obvious way to get your loan out of default is to pay it in full, but for most borrowers, that is not an option.

Loan Rehabilitation
To start the loan rehabilitation process, you must contact your loan holder. If you’re not sure who your loan holder is, log in to “My Federal Student Aid” to get your loan holder’s contact information.

To rehabilitate a William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program and Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program loan, you must

  • agree in writing to make nine voluntary, reasonable, and affordable monthly payments (as determined by your loan holder) within 20 days of the due date,
  • and make all nine payments during a period of 10 consecutive months.

Your loan holder will determine a reasonable monthly payment amount that is equal to 15 percent of your annual discretionary income, divided by 12. You must provide documentation of your income to your loan holder in order to determine the amount you will pay.

If you can’t afford the initial monthly payment amount, you can ask your loan holder to calculate an alternative monthly payment based on the amount of your monthly income that remains after reasonable amounts for your monthly expenses have been subtracted. Depending on your individual circumstances, this alternative payment amount may be lower than the payment amount you were initially offered.

To rehabilitate your loan, you must choose one of the two payment amounts. Once you have made the required nine payments, your loans will no longer be in default.

To rehabilitate a defaulted Federal Perkins Loan, you must make a full monthly payment each month, within 20 days of the due date, for nine consecutive months. Your required monthly payment amount is determined by your loan holder. Find out where to go for information about your Perkins Loan.

Benefits of Loan Rehabilitation
When your loan is rehabilitated, the default status will be removed from your loan, and collection of payments through wage garnishment or Treasury offset will stop. You’ll regain eligibility for benefits that were available on the loan before you defaulted, such as deferment, forbearance, a choice of repayment plans, and loan forgiveness, and you’ll be eligible to receive federal student aid.

Also, the record of default on the rehabilitated loan will be removed from your credit history. However, your credit history will still show late payments that were reported by your loan holder before the loan went into default.

If you rehabilitate a defaulted loan and then default on that loan again, you can’t rehabilitate it a second time. Rehabilitation is a one-time opportunity.

Loan Consolidation
Consolidating your loan into one Direct Consolidation Loan allows you to pay off one or more federal student loans with a new consolidation loan.

To consolidate a defaulted federal student loan into a new Direct Consolidation Loan, you must either

• agree to repay the new Direct Consolidation Loan under an income-driven repayment plan, or
• make three consecutive, voluntary, on-time, full monthly payments on the defaulted loan before you consolidate it.

If you choose to make three payments on the defaulted loan before you consolidate it, the required payment amount will be determined by your loan holder but cannot be more than what is reasonable and affordable based on your total financial circumstances.

There are special considerations if you want to reconsolidate an existing Direct Consolidation Loan or Federal (FFEL) Consolidation Loan that is in default.

Getting Help with Your Defaulted Loan
If you need help with your defaulted loan, you will need to contact the holder of your defaulted loan. Find out who holds your loan by logging in to “My Federal Student Aid.

Buying a Home this Spring? Make Sure You Get the Details Right.

Front Door Flowers

Spring marks the beginning of the selling season and is often considered the busiest and best time to purchase a home. As more people look to purchase a home in the coming months, it’s important to understand the buying process. Here are some tips from DORA (Department of Regulatory Agencies) and the Division of Real Estate.

Talk to your lender early in the process. Meet with your lender before contacting a real estate agent to simplify the home buying process. Getting prequalified for a mortgage gives you a solid price range for homes to consider.

Determine your working relationship with your broker. Many homebuyers don’t know that Colorado has two options when it comes to your relationship with your broker – a Single Agency broker (an agent for the buyer OR seller) or a Transaction Broker (for the buyer or seller OR both). A single agency broker will advocate for and work solely on a single client’s behalf. A transaction broker facilitates the sale by fully informing the parties, presenting all offers and assisting the parties with any contracts, including the closing of the transaction without being an agent or advocate for any of the parties.

Understand the real estate contract. An offer for the purchase of real estate must be in writing to be valid. The Colorado Real Estate Commission requires every real estate broker licensee use a contract form approved by the Real Estate Commission, unless the contract is drawn by either the seller or buyer or the attorney for the buyer or seller.

Recognize contingencies in the contract. The contract approved by the Real Estate Commission allows for the buyer and their licensed broker to make the contract contingent on certain items. Contingencies can be items such as the property appraising for the purchase price, approval of financing, a satisfactory home inspection, or the sale of their current residence. It is critical for a buyer to include those contingency items in the contract to eliminate misunderstandings about what circumstances will allow for a successful execution of the transaction.

Meet all deadlines and put down your earnest money. Once your offer has been accepted by the seller, you will put down a good faith deposit, often called earnest money. Both the buyer and seller will need to meet specific deadlines before you close on your home. As a buyer, if you miss a deadline, you might not be able to cancel or withdraw your offer unless you are willing to forfeit your earnest money. Your offer allows you to make decisions regarding when to close on your new property, when you can take possession of that property, and what remedies are available if the contract dates are not met.

This is a lot of information. If you’re ready to get started on the homebuying process, contact us to start with step one and get you pre-qualified today.

Protect Your Nest Egg from Quick Cash Offers

Visiting grandparents bend and kneel to hug grandchildren

The Division of Real Estate recently issued this consumer advisory – “Take 5 to get wise and learn how to protect your real estate nest egg.”

Colorado residents owning a home for 20 years or more are being targeted for the equity in their property. An offer may include a cash transaction, a quick sale, no inspection, and the freedom to leave your problems behind.

In Colorado’s hot real estate market, a lot of homeowners might not know the market value of their property, which is what unscrupulous investors want. They are trying to drive down your property value with misleading and confusing information. Their goal is to make a profit by turning around and selling your property at true market value.
This can happen to anyone because people who perpetrate fraud are good at what they do – separating you from your money.

Protect your nest egg when considering an offer on your property:

  • Go to www.dora.colorado.gov/dre to research licensed professionals.
  • Go to your local county government website and look up property values for you and your neighbors.

Other tips to protect your nest egg when considering an offer include:

  • Be wary if you weren’t thinking about selling.
  • Always keep someone you trust in the loop.
  • Do research on real estate brokers working in your neighborhood.
  • Always seek legal advice.
  • Know the value of your property and understand the motivations of why an investor wants to buy your property.

By taking a few steps you can protect your home, your finances and your future. If you have questions, please contact us.

Is Now the Right Time to Consider a Cash Out Refinance?

Paper with words cash out refinance.

You may have considered moving to a new home but have not found the perfect one for you and your family. Home renovations may make your current home feel like new. Or perhaps you want to pay off credit card debt and better position yourself financially.

Those are two reasons that a cash-out refinance may be a smart financial move for you.

If you have equity in your home, a cash out refinance may be an option for you. This type of refinance would allow you to replace your existing mortgage with a higher loan amount, allowing you to get cash back. You would receive cash for the remaining amount after paying off your existing loan amount.

Here’s how a cash-out refinance works:

  • It pays your current mortgage and allows you to apply for a higher loan amount.
  • A cash out refinance has a limit to the amount of equity that can be received in cash. This is normally between 70% to 80% depending on the loan program.

The pros of a cash-out refinance:

  • A mortgage refinance typically offers a lower interest rate than a home equity line of credit or home equity loan.
  • You can make home renovations with a cash-out refinance, potentially adding value to your home.
  • You can save money in interest and increase your credit score by paying off your debt in full.

A note about private mortgage insurance:

If you have a lot of equity in your home, there’s a good chance you are no longer paying for private mortgage insurance, or PMI. If you borrow more than 80% of your home’s value, you’ll have to pay private mortgage insurance.

A cash-out refinance can make sense. Using the money to fund a home renovation or consolidate debt can rebuild the equity you’re taking out or help you get on a sounder financial footing. As with any mortgage loan questions, we would be happy to discuss this with you further.

What is a Mortgage Rate Lock?

key-2114455_1920 (1)

The mortgage lending world is full of terms that may not be familiar to you but are important to understand if you are considering buying a home or refinancing. One of those terms is mortgage rate lock. 

A mortgage rate lock is an arrangement between a lender and a borrower in which a mortgage’s interest rate is locked for a certain period of time. Typically, the locked-in rate will be the current market interest rate.

Some lenders choose to charge borrowers a lock fee if they choose to lock in the interest rate. Also, it’s common for lenders to start at a higher rate in case the homebuyers do not exercise their options to lock in a rate.

When a borrower and lender agree to a mortgage rate lock, it is important that both parties are bound by the agreement. This agreement would mean, for example, that the borrower could not unlock the rate because the market interest rate had lowered. Interest rates will usually be locked from the moment that the mortgage is offered until it is closed.

Unless a change occurs to the loan application, the interest rate will stay the same and will not be affected by market changes. Changes to the mortgage application, such as an increased loan amount or an updated credit score for the borrower, can result in the interest rate changing. Interest rates can also change if the home is appraised at a higher or lower amount than expected, or the borrower changes the type of mortgage for which they are applying.

Mortgage rate locks have some drawbacks from the borrower’s standpoint. For example, if the market rate falls during the term of the mortgage, a borrower would not be able to take advantage of these lower rates. The same would be true for lenders if the market rate rises.

A lock deposit can be a good way to make sure that both the borrower and the lender hold to the terms of the mortgage lock agreement. This deposit shows that both parties are committed to upholding the agreement. A loan estimate and a rate lock can be issued at the same time, and the period of the mortgage rate lock can be between 10 and 60 days. A longer rate lock period typically means that the borrower and lender have agreed to a higher interest rate.

Questions about mortgage rate locks or anything related to home mortgages? Please contact us today. 

Your Offer Can Beat a Cash Offer!

couple in front of new house

The word on the street is that the sellers’ market is slowing down. But that doesn’t mean cash offers are a thing of the past. For a seller, cash offers may mean a faster closing, but they also may mean a lower offer and extra demands in the deal. Here are some ways you can still “win the deal,” even if you’re not paying cash.

1. Prove you are ready to buy: Get a Performance Guarantee with Universal Lending. Our Performance Guarantee is a conditional loan commitment that guarantees your earnest money up to $10,000. Essentially, you’re putting in an offer that has already gone through underwriting. Other homebuyers may offer a pre-approval letter, but a Performance Guarantee is even better.

2. If you don’t have a Performance Guarantee, get a pre-approval letter. Your pre-approval letter says that you are qualified to buy a home. Other buyers will have this letter, so if you don’t, you are at a disadvantage.

3. Choose a lender that can get deals done quickly. Universal Lending is known as a quick-closing lender and our loan officers would like to help your offer beat a cash offer.

4. Make a higher offer. Even if your buyers are eager to sell, more money may sweeten the deal. Cash buyers often offer less for the home, in exchange for the fast closing, but at the end of the day, they are still hoping to get as much money as they can. You may be surprised that you don’t have to offer thousands of dollars to beat the cash offer; a higher offer of just $1,000 may be enough of an incentive.

5. Offer a bigger down payment or more earnest money. The more you put down, the more serious you seem about your offer.

6. Make your best offer your first offer. Assume that there will be little or no negotiation on your offer and make your best offer right off the bat.

7. Learn what the seller’s terms are. A good real estate agent will find out what the seller is looking for. Does the seller need to stay in the home until they find a place to move? Are they looking to sell quickly and move out right away? Knowing this information ahead of time will help you make an offer that has a better chance of getting accepted.

8. Be flexible. Can you be accommodating on a closing date? Can you ask for fewer repairs? A little flexibility may go a long way.

9. Get another vote of confidence from your lender. An updated pre-approval letter is a great start. A phone call or video email from your loan officer is even better. One final push saying how strong of a buyer you are may be the key that helps you close the deal. A confident lender will instill confidence in the sellers.

When you’ve found your dream home, you want your dream home! Make sure you give it your best shot when you make your offer. Happy homeownership!